As with other allergies, the symptoms of a house-dust allergy can be alleviated in the short term with drugs such as antihistamines, glucocorticoid solutions or decongestant nasal sprays. In the long term, hyposensitization can help.
Basically, the best way to treat an allergy is to avoid the triggering allergen. In the house dust mite allergy therefore one tries to reduce the number of dust mites greatly, so as to be able to alleviate the allergic complaints.
Tips & measures to limit the mite population
- Keep dormitories cool (the room temperature should ideally not exceed 18 ºC in the sleeping area)
- Keep your apartment as dry as possible, avoid humidifiers and ventilate regularly
- It is best to lay back the duvet during the day, so that the mattress is not covered the whole day and the moisture absorbed at night can be released again
- Use encasings for your mattresses, comforters and pillows. The cost of these protective covers are reimbursed by some health insurance companies. Find out the best with your health insurance
- Wash encasings and linens regularly at a minimum of 60 ºC.
- A bed without a bed box provides better ventilation of the mattress and better cleaning options
- Swap your mattresses in time. For reasons of hygiene, even high-quality mattresses should not be used for longer than 10-15 years. For mattresses without removable cover, replacement after five years is recommended
- It is best to have your mattresses professionally cleaned 1-2 times a year
- In the bedroom, you should not set up plants, as these increase the humidity and mold pollution. Mold fungi are also a food source for house dust mites.
- In your home furnishings, give preference to upholstered furniture with wipeable covers. For example, leather furniture is almost completely mite-free.
- Do not use fans and air conditioners as they will whirl up house-dust and spread throughout your home.
- As far as possible, do not use dust collectors such as carpets, curtains and open shelves
- Sofa cushions, stuffed animals and similar items can either be placed in the freezer for at least 24 hours, or subjected to drying for 2 hours in a tumble dryer at 60 - 80 ºC (please check material compatibility in advance). Both measures kill off mites and reduce the allergen load
- Treat mattresses, carpets and your sofa regularly with mite spray
- Pay attention to cleanliness and clean your apartment regularly
- If possible, use vacuum cleaner with high suction power and mite-proof microfilter
- House dust allergy sufferers should avoid pets if possible. With their dander, pets provide additional food for the mites, increase the humidity, swirl up dust and can even cause allergies.
- Remove any dust from the radiator before the beginning of the heating season